As many think thyroid is not a disease, it is a disorder. Thyroid disorder is a condition that affects the thyroid gland which is mainly important for producing vital hormones (T3 and T4). Thyroid utilizes Iodine to produce Thyroxine (T4) hormone, After delivering to bloodstream small portion of T4 converts to T3 (triiodothyronine) which is an active hormone.
The thyroid gland function regulates by hypothalamus and pituitary gland which are located in the brain. When thyroid hormones levels are low, the hypothalamus releases TRH (thyrotropin release hormone) that signals the pituitary gland to release TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone). Such TSH allows producing more T4 by the Thyroid gland.
Following are commonly noted thyroid disorders:
- Thyroid Nodules
Hypothyroidism is a state of producing insufficient thyroid hormone, which can develop from the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, and Hypothalamus. Symptoms of hypothyroidism are Poor concentration, dry skin, muscle and joint ache, confusion, tiredness, weight gain, and depression. It may cause excessive menstrual bleeding in women.
Hyperthyroidism is a state of producing excessive thyroid hormone, it may rarely appear than hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism are tremor, anxiety, fast heartbeat, fatigue, weight loss, over-sweating, and foggy (confusion state of mind).
Goiter is a size enlargement of the Thyroid gland irrespective of disorders. Sometimes normal condition of the thyroid gland can also be enlarged. Of course, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism may be related to size enlargement.
Thyroid nodules are an abnormal growth like a cyst, lumps appear in the thyroid gland. Those nodules may be cancerous and may not be cancerous.
T3, T4, and TSH are common blood tests for diagnosing the Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism. Ultrasound or Ultrasonography helps to diagnose size of the gland as well as abnormality condition of thyroid gland such as cancer, nodule.
Remedies for Hypothyroidism: https://pharmedlib.com/2018/05/12/what-could-you-be-done-if-you-are-suffering-from-thyroid-disorder/